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Read the Long and Smoky History of Bong

 

Long before people even knew about plumbing, they knew the use of bong, which was during the period around 400 BC. So far, the historians have discovered that glass was invented by human mankind around 2500 to 1500 BC.

Mesopotamian people were the first to create glass.

During the Hellenistic period of the ancient Rome, people also learnt the glassblowing technique. This art was lost in the 18th century, but in the 19th century it was revived again.

If you talk about first bong then perhaps it was invented about 2400 years back that historians claim after the recent excavation in Russia. Before that, the traces of Scythian bongs were discovered in the Ethiopian cave between 1100 and 1400 AD.

People during those days too used bong for smoking cannabis and opium, which was most likely introduced during any tribal ceremonies during those days.

Around 1100 to 1400 AD, people used hookahs and water pipes, which was the earliest forms of bong, in few parts of Central Asia as well as Africa. In the16th century, all such water pipes were called as “buang,” which was a Thai word.

They used bamboo pipes, which were fashioned for smoking herbs and tobacco in Thailand.

Towards the end of the 16th century, use of bong started in China during the Ming dynasty. This arrived there through Persian trading and Silk Road. During those days Silk Route was the biggest network for trade all over the Asian countries.

After bong arrived in China, it became quite popular and a favorite pastime for even common people to use bong.

During the Qing dynasty, bong became popular all over the world. It was further divided into 2 different kinds.

  1. Mostly people used homemade bamboo pipes within country folks.
  2. Elegant, opulent metallic models were developed and used by people of the city and Chinese royalty. Usually bong used were made from silver, bronze or brass.

During 19th century, people started using glass bong as this material was quite popular which was also resurfaced during 60’s. During that period hippies made this very popular.

Bob Snodgrass, who was an American lamp-worker, who started manufacturing bong and revolutionized the whole market. The technology that he invented is still being used. You must really thank Bob Snodgrass, if you are using gorgeous piece of glass art.

Nowadays, you can find hundreds of varieties of bongs that you can select to suit your need. Those days are gone when we need to fashion our primitive pipe out of any material that we can find around. You can now also see electronic smoke like vapor inhalation.

Glass still remains the popular material to produce bong and generally can produce the best results. Also, silicone pipes have been introduced in the market for mixing things up.

There are few pipe makers also taking inspiration from those days of Qing dynasty and have started experimenting with metals for manufacturing different bongs.

Quite possibly you may one day find a golden bong that can become a fashion statement, which perhaps was used first used 2,400 years ago.

 

Tips and Tricks to Light Your House

Each room in your home has a large number of purposes to fulfill, so follow my room-by-room manual for the right lighting choices.

1. Kitchen Lighting

Kitchen lighting should be adaptable to permit you to play out various undertakings, from getting ready and preparing your food, to cleaning, eating or talking to companions. You should be searching for the ideal blend of task lighting and ambient lighting.

2. The Style

Overhead lights are constantly a champ in the room, deliberately set and have been known to enlighten distinctive work regions, for example, the sink, oven, benchtops and wash room. I like to do a LED strip on the underside of the furniture to illuminate the seats. It makes an extremely pleasant, even light with a bit of mood. You can likewise add a lookout window to get increasingly regular light, or some enriching pendant lights over a kitchen island or breakfast bar.

3. The Right Bulb

Cool light is regularly suggested for kitchens, yet you can blend it up with more brilliant lights overhead, and hotter lights to feature cabinetry. When looking for bulbs, consider lumens, not watts, as lumens show the measure of light created by a bulb. In a kitchen, you’ll need 5000 to 10,000 lumens all through the room, so try to mull over the quantity of lights you have and partition them in the room in an even manner.

4. Stature And Size

The position of your lights is directly proportional to the fitting. For instance, I would hang a major pendant over a kitchen seat to simply above eye level. If you’ve gone with a group of little bulbs, they can balance lower as they’re not going to hinder your view. Somewhere in the range of 55cm and 75cm over the seat is normal. Also consider hanging a dining chandelier in the kitchen for a brighter view.

5. Room Lighting

Your boudoir should feel comfortable, quieting and peaceful, so it’s significant not to over-light your space. Task lighting is a boon for make-up application, so consider structuring your lighting to address these issues. In your room, you’ll have your standard downlights or roof lights, yet don’t simply leave it at that. Add something close to your bed on a bedside table. It could be a table light, a light in the walls or even pendants holding tight either side of the bed.

Additionally worth considering is a wall sconce for a lavish vibe in the room or dimmable lights recessed into the roof which aid in reading a book before going to the bed. These lights can be tuned in for singular controls to meet up your requirements.

The idea of layering light is especially significant in the living/family room, a territory of the house where individuals will in general remain for extended period of time and participate in a variety of activities, including discussion on a variety of topics, sitting in front of the TV, reading a fiction book, playing tabletop games and utilizing a PC.

Helpful Words to Recognize Signs of Pain Pills Addiction

Pain killers or pain reducing pills play a major role in the life of individuals, who are troubled with acute pain. These prescribed drugs are sure to help them get relief from pain, but the effect in the body system is short lived. This is the basic reason why individuals consuming them in high dosage or thinking to continue for a longer period of time must consult their medical practitioner.

There are multiple ways to use the compound to be free from pain. They can be smoked, injected, snorted or swallowed. Usually, concentrated pain relief drugs will give you relief from tensed or depressed mood besides reducing your pain. Pain reducing pills are categorized in broad spectrum for recognizing them easily. There are legal drugs and illegal drugs like heroin.

The difference between the two kinds of pain killing drugs:

  • It is the power of their addictiveness – Legal drugs take quite a time to make the user addictive to it whereas illegal drugs like heroin can make you quickly addictive to it.
  • The extent of harm – Legal or prescribed drugs aren’t greatly harmful even if you take them for months. Illegal drugs are quite harmful even forcing its consumers to meet their end. This is the basic reason to be known as abused substance.
  • Availability – You can buy the legal drug from any chemist shop even from online market where as the illegal drugs can’t be sold open or used openly.

In simple words, we can understand that any kind of chemical or herbal composed pills used to get relief from pain is addictive in nature. Hence, users of pain killers need to know when to stop using pills.

Here are basic signs helping to know when you are on the way to become an addict:

  • Your behavior changes.
    • You aren’t able to focus on work.
    • Feel moody thus prefer to be alone for long hours.
    • You can’t live without them, thus you are ready to buy them on a pretext or even steal from others.
    • They become extremely angry without any reason and are always in the grab of mood swings.
    • They aren’t able to sleep properly without taking the pain pills.
  • Psychologically effects.
    • The feeling of anxiety leading to search facts far from reality. The anxiousness may be due to negative thoughts dominating their mind.
    • They feel guilty, thus shy away from socializing with friends and relatives.
    • They experience depression as they see themselves to be hopeless and are afraid of future.
    • Always remained confused as they feel tired the whole day.
  • Physical illness.
    • Nausea and vomiting.
    • Gastrointestinal health issues.
    • Severe headache.
    • Often experience flu symptoms as their body aches the whole day.
    • Feel trouble in breathing properly.
    • They lose body weight.
    • May be troubled with kidney and liver ailments.

Pain killers of higher strength aren’t good for health, and thus it is best to find remedies to cure ailments that make your body feel acute pain. If you realize that you are slowly becoming addictive to substance, it is best to contact reputed rehab centers. You can get the most informative drug rehab directory from the site https://therecover.com/centers/. You can read more in detail about the best rehab centers in the US, thus no need to search further.

5 Benefits of Decision Tree Software

 

In a corporate world, decisions need to be made every day on tensed issues with ambiguity. The information is unclear, so the best option is blurred. Using a decision tree concept helps to deal with such vague situations. Managers find decision trees a useful tool because of its numerous advantages.

What is the decision tree model?

It is a managerial tool, where all the options and outcomes of the decision are presented in a flowchart kind of diagram including leaves and branches. Every branch represents a decision option along with its cost and probability [whether it will occur or not. The branches have leaves at its end, which reveals possible outcome or payoffs.

The decision tree flowchart is a graphical illustration of potential alternatives, likelihoods, and outcomes. It even recognizes the advantages of employing decision analysis.

Benefits of decision tree software

  1. Transparency

The biggest advantage is that the model is transparent. All the possible alternatives get explained in the flowchart and every alternative gets mapped out to its end in one view. This allows for easy comparison among different alternatives.

Separate nodes are used to represent user-defined uncertainties, decisions, and outcomes, which offer more transparency and clarity to your decision-making process.

  1. Detailing

A decision tree is capable to allocate specific values to glitches, choices, and results of every decision. Thus, the vagueness in decision-making gets reduced. Each possible decision scenario gets represented with a fork and node. Thus, all the possible solutions can be viewed clearly, at a glance.

  1. Comprehensive in nature

The decision tree model offers the best prediction because a comprehensive analysis of every possible decision outcome can be made. It helps to identify whether the decision will end in a definite conclusion or uncertainty or comes across a new issue that needs process repetition.

Data can be partitioned on a more detailed level, which is not achieved via other classifiers used for decision-making. For example, to prioritize patients for treatment in the emergency room perform a decision tree analysis based on gender, age, temperature, blood pressure, pain severity, heart rate, and other vital measures.

  1. User friendly

The output of the decision tree graph is easy to understand. The decision tree allows data classification without computation. In general, the decision tree is built on target variables like categorical and continuous.

The decision tree software can deal with both kinds of variables. It offers the most crucial fields for classification or prediction. There is no need for statistical knowledge to interpret the flowchart. Users easily relate the hypothesis they see on the graphical representation and make a quick comparison.

  1. Flexibility

Many business issues can be scrutinized and resolved using a decision tree algorithm. Business managers, engineers, technicians, medical staff, insurance sectors, etc. can make better decisions during vague situations. Decision tree software can be incorporated with management tools.

Decision trees are common-sense techniques applied to identify the best solutions for uncertain issues like whether to invest in stock or mutual funds…….use a decision tree diagram!

Reasons Why CBD is Useful to Cure Migraine Symptoms

Since many centuries Cannabis extracts have been used to cure multiple ailments. The cannabis plants like hemp were great help as a pain reliever. Hence, no doubt the compounds derived from the herbs are quite effective to get relief from migraine symptoms.

Firstly know more about migraine:

Migraine or intense headache really creates trouble in an individual’s life. Occurrence of migraine affects their normal activity and they are forced to take medicines and rest for a while. Sometimes, it takes hours for the pain to reduce, and hence their whole productivity work for the day comes to a standstill.

To get relief from this severe headache people usually take medications bought from the pharmaceutical stores or take prescribed medicines. Some even do meditation and attend psychological sessions as the migraines can trigger because of mental health issues as well. All such kind or treatments weren’t long lasting and unable to give immediate effect. Of course, pain killers did work wonders, but not long lasting and moreover not preferable to use regularly.

CBD effects to kill migraine:

  • The prime fact can’ be ignored such as CBD is good herbal medicine to get rid of any kind of pain. Hence, your migraine pain has chances of minimizing and the effects will last for longer hours.
  • It is natural unlike other chemically composed pain relief medicines. Thus, you need not worry about any kind of health issues.
  • Migraine triggers mostly when you are stressed or troubled with other mental health issues. CBD oil or tinctures are great help to reduce your mental stress, thus you are able to get rid of migraine easily.
  • CBD aids in diminishing the symptoms of insomnia. Severe headache problem may be because of you spending restless nights, and thus CBD helps you to get rid of headaches while consuming its dosage regularly.
  • CBD stimulates your endocannabinoid system, and hence able to boost your body immunity. Daily dosage of CBD is sure to increase your body immunity level, and thus any kind of body ache even if it is migraine surely can be stopped for ever.

Presently, there are many users of CBD oil stating the positive effects of it helping to reduce the heaviness feeling of the head and gradually decrease in migraine pain. Only few drops of oil are enough to do the trick of reducing pain in few minutes. You just need to use CBD oil under the tongue and hold it for few seconds. The drops will mingle with your blood stream and the effects can be realized faster compared to other medications. Isn’t it a great way to get relief from migraine!

If you are still in doubt, you can try CBD capsules that are composed of cannabis oil. You can buy them from reputed websites known to sell good CBD products at reasonable price. You can visit justcbdstore.com to buy CBD products specially made to evade body pain, and migraine as well.

Understand The Process Of Company Liquidation In Detail

The main objective of the liquidator is to take control of the firm so that all of its affairs can be closed systematically and benefit all creditors. To perform the process correctly, you need to get a thorough understanding of this process.

Insolvency Experts is a reputed Company liquidation Sydney that has twenty-five years of experience in helping small and corporate businesses by providing free assessments, expert advice, and suggesting a detailed set of options. 

In this article, we will learn the correct way to implement liquidation in a business.

Types of company liquidation

Liquidation in the company happens in various ways. The commonest one is a creditors’ voluntary liquidation. It starts in one of the below-mentioned ways:

  • Court liquidation, and
  • Creditors’ voluntary liquidation

Creditors opt for liquidation post voluntary management or an end of the deed of the company’s arrangement to liquidate the firm and hire a liquidator. In court, a liquidator is appointed to close a company, after an application is issued by a creditor.

After a firm goes into insolvency, unsecured creditors can’t start or continue any legal action against the firm unless the court allows it.

What are the duties of a liquidator?

  • When a firm gets liquidated, the liquidator has a big role to play for the creditors of the company. It gathers, safeguards, as well as realizes the assets of the firm.
  • Evaluate and report to credit lending firms about the different affairs of the company that includes unfair preferences that are recoverable, any unimportant uncommercial transactions, and claims against the officers of the company.
  • Investigate the possible failures of the firm and possible felonies by employees of the firm and report about it to ASIC.
  • Distribute the profits of realization (after making full payment of liquidation cost) to priority creditors, such as employees, followed by unsecured creditors.
  • Apply to deregister the firm on the conclusion of the liquidation.
  • A liquidator also works to recover money for creditors

Creditors’ meetings

A liquidator can also arrange a creditors’ meeting. This is done mainly to notify creditors about the development of the liquidation process. These professionals figure out their wishes on a specific matter and obtain the consent of the fees of liquidator.

A creditors’ meeting allows to ask questions related to the liquidation process and to notify the liquidator about the company’s affairs.

Payment of dividends

Whatever funds are left after paying the liquidation cost and paying to priority creditors, like employees, the liquidator will need to pay to unsecured creditors in the form of a dividend. The order in which these funds are distributed is as follows:

  • Expenses, and costs of the liquidation that includes liquidators’ fees
  • Outstanding wages and superannuation of employee
  • Outstanding employee’s leave of absence that includes yearly leave, long service leave, and sick leave
  • Unsecured creditors, and
  • Employee retrenchment pay

Conclusion

The article has equipped you with all the information related to the roles that a liquidator performs for an insolvent company. Liquidations end when the liquidator realizes as well as distributes the available property of the company and send a report to ASIC. Hiring a liquidator is essential to ensure the smooth operation of the liquidation process.

Look for These Symptoms of COVID-19, Before Visiting Doctors

COVID-19 is one of the families of coronavirus which has appeared for the first time and it has been transferred into humans from animals. World Health Organization has already declared this virus as pandemic.

What are various symptoms of COVID-19?

World health organization has so far declared that following are the symptom of this new virus, which has started in the beginning of this year from China. Now it has travelled to whole world.

  • People may get dry cough, fever and feel tiredness
  • Some patients will also get sore throat, runny nose and nasal congestion
  • Aches and diarrhea
  • Some people may also lose the sense of their smell and taste
  • About 80% people may get regular cold and may get recovered without any serious treatment

So far it has been observed that one out of six persons may get seriously ill. Among the elderly people particularly who are suffering from any of the following chronic disease are at much greater risk of become serious from COVID-19.

  • Heart problems
  • High Blood Pressure
  • Diabetes
  • Chronic respiratory conditions

National Health Service of UK has identified following few symptoms of this virus:

  • Very high temperature, where a person’s chest or back may be very hot
  • New continuous cough

Currently no vaccine is available for this disease and various antibiotics used for treating pneumonia and flu may not work. Depending upon the immune system of the affected person, the chances of recovery will depend.

When should one visit to Doctor?

It is not necessary that one should immediately visit to Doctor, as soon as they get a mild fever. If ever anyone gets mild fever then the person must be quarantined so that they may not spread the disease to others.

They must wear face masks so that others may not catch virus and if the person has not travelled any outside country then they should remain quarantined at least for 7 days before you visit to Doctor.

The doctors can test the virus only after 7 days after the patient has got fever.

Many countries of the world have declared total lock down and people are not allowed to come out of their home too. If you are living in such country then you must check through helpline and seek medical advice.

How many people are affected?

In the month of January, national health commission of China has confirmed that this virus transmits through human-to-human.

As of today, more than 1.1 million people have already been infected by COVID-19 virus and 180 different countries of the world are affected.

So far globally more than 60 thousand people have already lost their life due to this virus ever since this virus has spread all over. First time it was detected in Wuhan city of China and more than 3000 people has died in China.

Few other countries who are greatly affected by COVID-19 are Italy, Spain and few other European countries. USA is also equally affected by this virus and so far, more than 3, 80,000 are affected and 8000+ people have already lost their life.

Why You Need to Use Eco Friendly Products?

Eco Friendly means earth-friendly or anything that does not harm the environment. The eco-friendly products contribute to green living and help conserve energy and water. However, due to careless behavior of humans, there is extensive damage caused to the environment and this has led to several problems. There is a threat to the living organisms to live amiably on the planet. Thus, it is a top priority for humans to stop polluting their living world and switch over to ecofriendly products.

More about eco friendly products:

These are substances used for utility purposes, but not made of materials that are harmful for nature. Gone are the days when people used things that were non-biodegradable. The most used item was the one-time usable plastic materials which never decomposed. Thus, it was a major problem for safe guarding natural resources. There were millions of tons of plastic material that ended up in landfills and in water resources. They spoilt the natural resources by releasing toxic elements that were quite harmful for living beings. Another beneficial feature of using eco friendly products is that you can safeguard your health.

Another material that never decomposed was glass materials. Even though many kinds of this material were recycled, still when thrown in garbage it was not fully destroyed. Hence, the need to replace them was quite essential to save our planet.

Listing some eco friendly products widely in use:

  • Reusable bags – They are the best examples of eco friendly products as they are made of biodegradable material like fabric, polypropylenes, polyester and hemp. They have successfully replaced the usage of good quality paper bags and one time use plastic carry bags. You can find an array of them in any custom reusable bags selling stores, and thus you have the best attractive bags at affordable price.
  • Reusable water bottles – Earlier water bottles were made of toxic plastic material However, today, the bottles are made of PET or of metals, thus no longer it is harmful for your health.
  • Travelling mugs – They are made of recyclable material, and thus you need not worry if they are thrown in the garbage. Most of them contain lids thus, it is a great way to have safe drink while travelling.
  • Solar powered products – No longer there is a need to use electrically charged things as you have solar powered lights, loud speakers and many more daily use products to reduce the impact on non renewable resources. You even have solar phone charger that helps effectively to charge your phone within few minutes.
  • LED bulbs – They are the most efficient daily used light sources that help curb electricity wastage, thus saving on energy bills. Moreover, it controls the emission of harmful carbon gases.

There are many eco friendly products widely used, but the most used ones are custom reusable bags. They act as popular promo gifts favoring customers as well as marketers. If you want such well designed reasonably priced eco friendly bags to be your advertising aids visit online platform of best bag sellers customgrocerybags.com. Here you will be able to customize the bags required to boost the prosperity of your trade.

Travel Goals

A long wait for Holidays to discover interesting sports travel ideas. Let us find out what can we do during holiday seasons. A country and sports together are fairly great like dancing in tango working together two in one. For sports lovers there are countries that are so much alive offering overwhelming activities to indulge.

Sporty fans Destinations

  • Fenway Park in Boston, Watching live baseball games is an amazing adventure, it has the oldest park operating. Full of history built since 1912.
  • Basketball tours in USA where you can find hometowns of our favourites Boston Celtics, Washington wizards, New York Knicks, and Chicago Bulls.
  • The Las Vegas marathon,
  • American Birkebeiner, Wisconsin, It’s a ski race, more than thousand skiers are joining in this sports for a three day race. Wow!
  • How about joining in triathlon take Mont Tremblant in Canada, one of the newest host at this event, racers run in the forest and run a miles through a village.
  • These are some thrilling activities in Dubai that will complete our sports travel. Dubai may have a different environment but they have a stunning natural desert to enjoy. You can try Al Quadra Cycling, for those who love to pedal. Suitable in the morning. And the Desert Safari adventure a must try. The most popular activity that visitors should do. In here you will be able to activities like camel riding sand boarding. Biking in the desert, Dune Bashing, it is a sport that brings 4X4 world into an exciting rollercoaster ride over the sand dunes. Sand boarding an extreme sport which you are sliding down with the speed and by the force of gravity. This is the right place to experience it. So pack your things now and have your itinerary in Dubai.
  • How about surfing in Playa Grande, Costa Rica, the best surfing spots you can visit. It is to be known as the home for second largest nesting marine reptile. Where you can find leatherback turtle.
  • Staying a day at the football cities, Argentina have the best football winners

If you are just staying in town there are some sports that are also offered  which you can try like enrolling in a boxing, learning tennis, badminton, soccer, horse racing, swimming is a good one to. There are a lot of things to experience even at your reach.

6 Health Benefits Of Sports For Students!

Wish to perform well academically? Consider having good mental and physical health and for that playing sports is a better idea. No offense, but some students do not focus on acquiring any physical activity in their academic career.

The attitude of ignoring physical activities makes them lazy thus they do not take a proper interest in their studies which results in their bad academic performance. It means that you should not avoid playing sports on the daily basis and it will definitely keep you away from feeling lazy and down.

This write-up is worth reading as it reveals some great benefits of playing sports for students. You should know that these benefits will definitely bring a great change in your life thus you will accomplish your degree and kick off a successful professional life.

1. Your Energy Level Stays High

Playing sports on the daily basis keeps your energy level very high thus you deal with both academic and personal challenges effectively. High-level energy always keeps you high motivated thus you do not get bored of studying both alone and in a study group. You stay highly passionate to find useful solutions to various problems through your critical thinking approach. Therefore, promise yourself to start playing any sport and get on the progressive path in your life.

2. You Stay Away From Negativity

Every single sport is capable of keeping you away from negativity hence you should consider playing a sport you like a lot. Sports teach you to deal with difficult challenges without giving up and that keeps you away from negativity. Therefore, you should take out time from your hectic lifestyle to play sports and that will help you to live a positive and successful life.

3. You Learn The Way Of Dealing With Pressure Situations

Having pressure situations is inevitable for every single student and in order to deal with them properly, you need to have a courage and strategy. Sports give you both of them; therefore, you should start playing sports and tackle every single pressure situation effectively. Your this ability will also assist you in your professional life hence go with the sport that attracts you a lot and play on the regular basis.

4. You Have A Healthy Heart

Playing sports also keeps your heart healthy throughout your life. It is necessary to know that your cardiovascular health improves if you play sports on the regular basis. Your heart stays away from any kind of malfunctioning. You should know that your heart also needs a useful exercise and while playing sports, your heart needs to pump more blood. It keeps your heart healthy thus you live a quality life from all aspects.

5. You Learn About Teamwork

Sports like football and basketball enable you to learn about teamwork and learning this awesome ability benefits you a lot throughout your life. This trait of yours will work out for you at the time of participating in group projects hence you should consider playing basketball or football. You should know that sports will also improve your leadership skills which will really assist you at the time of leading group projects.

6. You Do Not Gain Extra Weight

Student life is all about studying for long hours both alone and in a study group thus you start gaining weight which further creates lots of problems for you. Playing sports in this regard assist you well as it protects you from gaining extra weight. In order to maintain your weight, playing squash is an ideal practice for you.

Wrapping Up…

These above-mentioned are some great benefits of playing sports for students hence you should make up your mind to play sports. It is a fact that playing sports assist you in various ways in your academic life so make sure that you start playing sports and end up your academic career successfully.

Author Bio

Sophie Root is a Student Counselor, Academic Mentor, and Career Analyst at a Coursework Help Agency. Her articles address the various issues related to education, career management, and corporate world. She is passionate reader of literature and poetry.